original values, beliefs, ways of thinking, feelings, or behaviors constitutes mental illness or "maladaptation" (p. . 25 For instance, an individual may reject the values and norms of the dominant culture in his private life (separation whereas he might adapt to the dominant culture in public parts of his life (i.e., integration or assimilation). 7 Although this view was the earliest to fuse micro-psychological and macro-social factors into an integrated theory, it is clearly focused on assimilation rather than racial or ethnic integration. Contents, historical approaches edit, although the word "acculturation" was coined.W. Consciousness and culture: an introduction to the thought of Jean Gebser (PDF). Intercultural Communication: Globalization and Social Justice.
Integration leads to, and is often synonymous with biculturalism. Cultural fusion and the defense of difference. 31 Research focusing on the adolescent Arab American experience of acculturation has also found that youth who experience acculturative stress during the identity formation process are at a higher risk for low macduff ambition essay self-esteem, anxiety, and depression. 36 According to Schwartz (2010 there are four main categories of migrants: Voluntary immigrants: those that leave their country of origin to find employment, economic opportunity, advanced education, marriage, or to reunite with family members that have already immigrated. 1, scholars in different disciplines have developed more than 100 different theories of acculturation, 2 but the concept of acculturation has only been studied scientifically since 1918. Looking Beyond the Hijab (PDF).