there is no requirement to take both. The world population could be classified into a limited number of distinct races on the basis of differences in observable physical characteristics such as skin colour, head shape or cranial capacity, hair texture and facial characteristics such as eye shape and lip thickness. Source Three indicates that the educational attainments of all ethnic groups have improved between 19Why, in your opinion, have examination results improved? Sewell distinguishes between four main responses among Afro-Caribbean boy to education which he terms conformity, innovation, retreatism and rebellion. It is important to note the relative underachievement of White British pupils eligible for free school meals in comparison with ethnic minority pupils eligible for free school meals. Org and scroll down to Graph Three for on Ethnicity and School Exclusions. However in several ethnic categories Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Black Caribbean, Chinese the gender attainment gap is greater than the FSM eligibility attainment gap. However, they are currently less likely to enrol at "high status" Universities and also less likely to gain First Class and Upper Second Class degrees. It has been suggested that if West Indian origin students consistently speak and write in Creole and this is consistently graded as incorrect by teachers, this could result in these students generating a negative self image which would restrict their overall progress although of course . Chinese and girls and boys achieve the best pass rates at gcse level. The overall attainment gap between pupils eligible for free school meals and pupils ineligible for free school meals is greater than the overall attainment gap between female and male students.
The Vanishing Middle Class: Prejudice and
Those who reject the concept of race in this way often write the word "race" in inverted commas to signify their recognition of its biological meaninglessness while at the same time they recognise that the socially constructed, widespread and inaccurate belief in the existence. Data Source Five: Differences in Economic Circumstances : Ethnicity and Poverty in the UK Although members of ethnic minorities are found throughout the UK class structure, Afro-Caribbean, Pakistani and Bangladeshi origin students are especially likely to be found in the lower sections of the. All of these arguments are discussed in the Select Committee Report in attempts to explain the relative underachievement of white working class pupils relative to working class ethnic minority students. When critics claimed that the differences in IQ test scores could be explained by the higher average socio-economic status.e. Professor Strand's article is entitled The White British-Black Caribbean Achievement Gap: Tests, Tiers and Teacher Expectations and was published in the British Educational Research Journal Feb 2012 Here is a brief summary of the conclusions taken from the berj website. These conclusions, apparently based upon the best that contemporary scientific method had to offer coalesced with a longer history of British prejudice especially against Black people but also against the Jews and the Irish reaching back into the 16th Century even if prior to the. Although White British pupils still attain higher attainment levels than Black students including Black Caribbean pupils these gap has narrowed significantly. In relation to the "Rebels" it is possible that in some cases these boys youthful self-confidence may provoke negative over-reactions by teachers who may have misinterpreted their behaviour as confrontational and threatening. . It may be impossible to define exactly what "Intelligence" is; IQ tests may be culturally biased; they may not measure "Intelligence" but simply the ability to do IQ tests; individuals IQ test results depend upon whether they were nervous when taking the test and.